Some women often suffer from pain during or after ovulation. Others will complain of stomach or lower abdominal pain after ovulation, severe ovulation pain, ovary pain during or after ovulating among other pain descriptions. What could be behind all this?
Below we explore a woman’s monthly cycle to get the answers and be in a position to understand the concepts behind ovulation pain.
What causes ovulation pain?
It is not certain what causes ovulation pain but there are a number of aspects believed to be behind all the pain.
Before ovulation, the ovaries are prompted by hormones to produce follicles. In each follicle is an immature ovum. Only one of these survives to maturity. As the follicle expands to give room for maturation, the membrane of the ovary is stretched thus causing pain just before ovulation.
Once the ovum matures, the follicle is bound to burst. Slight bleeding could be experienced. The blood and fluids from the burst follicle irritate the abdominal lining causing lower abdominal pain.
After ovulation, the fallopian tubes and ovaries experience muscular contractions which are felt in the form of pain.
Ovulation Pain Symptoms
Ovulation pain is characterized by the following ovulation pain symptoms and signs:
- A sharp cramping pain in the lower abdomen around the inner side of the hip bone. This is felt around two weeks before the onset of the menstrual cycle.
- The pain lasts for a duration between a few minutes up to 48hours
- The pain can be identified as occurring on one side of the abdomen. The side on which the pain is felt is determined by which ovary is releasing the egg.
- The pain does not remain on one side all through; it may switch from one side to the other with time or change after a number of cycles.
- Some people experience sharp pains, others experience uncomfortable pressure. The nature of discomfort varies from one person to the other.
There are a number of things that one can do to alleviate ovulation pain. These include:
- If you are not looking forward to conceiving in the near future, use a heating pad. This helps to relieve muscular tension and pain.
- Taking a hot bath also helps one to relax and thus relieve the pain.
- Dehydration makes cramping pain intense. If you drink the recommended amount of water, you will remain well hydrated and this will help you stay away from the pain.
- While not looking forward to getting pregnant, taking birth control pills can help stop ovulation. This way there will be no ovulation pain. This should only be done with the prescription of a doctor.
- Pain relievers can be taken at the onset of ovulation pain. If you have been charting and can predict when ovulation is likely to occur, take them before ovulation begins. This way the pain is countered.
Severe Ovulation Pain
In normal times, ovulation pain is never severe. It is therefore important to know when to seek medical attention. If the ovulation pain is also accompanied by the following characteristics, see your doctor.
- The pain lasts longer than 48 hours and is high in intensity
- Vaginal bleeding is seen
- A redness of the skin with a burning feeling at the place of pain
- Painful urination
- Redness or burning of the skin at the site of the pain
If these signs occur during ovulation, they could be indicating another underlying problem such as:
- An inflammation of the fallopian tubes leading to pelvic inflammatory disease
- Ovarian cysts
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Perforated ulcers
- Endometriosis which refers to the lining of the uterus growing outside the uterus.
Lower Back Pain during Ovulation
A woman’s reproductive organs are situated between the lower back muscles and the abdominal muscles. Any pain subjected to the reproductive organs is likely to affect the surrounding body parts. This is how the menstrual cycle ends up having effects on the lower back.
When the ovum is released from the ovary, some fluid is also released. This causes an irritation on the abdomen, pelvis and lower back. There is no opening through which the egg can pass to the fallopian tubes. It therefore has to burst in order to let the egg through the walls of the ovary. This rapturing leads to pain in the lower back.
As ovulation nears, the follicles’ growth stretches to the surface of the ovary. This tension extends the pain to the back.
To know if the lower back pain you are experiencing is being caused by ovulation, look out for the following:
- The pain is recurrent and lasts up to 48hours
- Distinctive sharp pain that is not severe
- The pain may be accompanied by other ovulation symptoms such as nausea, spotting and headaches.
Back pain during ovulation is normal. It thus can be relieved using home remedies. Using a hot pad on the back helps relieve the pain. One can also take a hot back to help them relax. Over the counter pain killers are also viable.
Upon visiting the doctor due to ovulation back pain, they may request you to chart your cycle if you have not been doing so. If they confirm that the pain is as a result of ovulation, they may recommend control pills be administered. These will help stop ovulation and thus stop the pain. Only a doctor can recommend this option.
Lower Back Pain after Ovulation
If the lower back pain is persistent 48hours after ovulation, it is important to see a doctor. This is because there could be some other underlying health issues. If the pain also becomes severe, see a doctor.
How long does Ovulation Pain last?
Ovulation pain is not supposed to last too long. If it does, there is likelihood that something is wrong.
Whether the pain is on the back or the abdomen, there is a specific duration for which ovulation pain is known to exist.
Abdominal pain usually lasts between a few minutes and 48hours. For the back pain, the duration lasts up to 48hrs. Ovulation pain therefore lasts up to 48 hours. If it goes beyond this, it is important to see a doctor.
Ovulation paid should not bother anyone. Women should learn to monitor it so that they can use it to their advantage. Combining ovulation pain with other ovulation symptoms can be used to plan pregnancy since they are perfect indicators as to when a woman is fertile or not and time intercourse appropriately.
Suggested Further Reading:
- Signs of Ovulation – Physical, Discharge, Cramping & Clomid
- How to calculate Ovulation Date & How to Track Ovulation
- Ovulation Test Kits – How Do Ovulation Kits Work, Do They Work
- Ovulation Predictor Kits – Best, Calendar, Calculator & Use
- How Long Do You Ovulate & How Long Does an Egg Last After Ovulation
- Ovulation Test Strips – Best, Cheap, Instructions to Use Them
- Brown or Pink Spotting After Ovulation – Days after Ovulation
- Ovulation Charts – Temperature, Printable & Free
- Ovary or Ovarian Pain during Ovulation and After Ovulation
- Cramping during Ovulation – Before, Mild or Band Cramps
- Bleeding During Ovulation – Meaning, Before and After