For some women, experiencing ovarian pain during ovulation is normal while for others it has never happened. What are the causes of ovarian pain during ovulation? Is it avoidable and how do you treat it? Below we seek answers to these questions.
In the female reproductive system, ovaries are very important. They are responsible for production of hormones such as estrogen which is responsible for menstruation. They also release the egg in readiness for fertilization each month.
Ovary Pain during Ovulation
Ovarian pain during ovulation can be felt on the lower abdomen more so below the belly button and pelvis. This comes with other ovulation signs and can be used to predict when ovulation is likely to occur if it is recorded on the menstrual chart for a number of cycles.
While a number of things may be to blame for ovary pain, ovarian pain during ovulation is caused by the growth of ovarian cysts. These are fluid filled sacs which form when the follicular fluids do not dissolve once the egg has been released. A dull or sharp ache can be felt if any of the cysts bursts or twists. Ovarian cysts during ovulation could be accompanied but other symptoms. These include:
- Painful intercourse and bowel movement
- Irregular menstrual cycles
- Nausea and vomiting
- Getting full after eating some little food.
Ovarian cysts are diagnosed through pelvic examination at the doctor’s. This reveals any lumps in the pelvic area. An ultra sound scan could also be used to create an image of how the ovaries look like to help determine the location and size of the cysts.
The nature of the cysts could either be acute or chronic. For the acute ones, the pain lasts only a few hours and is short lived. With chronic cysts, the pain starts gradually and develops with time. This type of cysts should be given medical attention as soon as they are noticed.
Treatment of Ovarian Pain during Ovulation Caused By Cysts
Ovarian cysts should not cause a scare on any individual especially when it is certain that they are ovulation ovarian cysts. They usually go away soon after they appear without any human intervention. No treatment is required for these and if they have no severe symptoms, the doctor will advocate for watchful waiting. This process involves periodic checkups to see if things are getting back to normal without any treatment. Given ample time, these should disappear with no intervention.
If the cysts have grown big and medical intervention is required to clear them up, Laparoscopy surgery is another possible way for treatment of ovarian cysts. This involves making small incisions on the abdomen. Plastic tubes are then inserted to clear them up. This is most suitable for the not so large cysts. For very large ones, laparotomy is necessary.
Birth control pills are another way that can relieve ovarian pain during ovulation. Since they prevent ovulation, this in turn reduces the formation of cysts.
Ovary Pain after Ovulation
Like with other post-ovulation symptoms, it is possible to experience ovarian pain after ovulation. In a normal menstrual cycle, it is possible for two types of cysts to develop. These are both functional and their causes are as follows:
- When the follicles on the ovaries do not release an egg, they swell with fluid either inside or on the surface of the ovary. This swelling and stretching of the ovary can cause pain while ovulation has already occurred. This form of cyst is known as a follicle cyst.
- After ovulation has occurred, the remains of the follicle are supposed to dissolve. At times, this does not happen. The egg follicle fails to dissolve and instead continues to swell up. The stretching causes pain in the ovary. This form of cyst is the most common one and is known as corpus luteum cyst.
- As the cysts get bigger, the possibility for fluid leaks increases. When this fluid gets on to the surface of the ovary, it irritates it. This too happens to be another cause of the ovarian pain after ovulation.
With these two scenarios, it should not be a wonder then that ovarian pain is experienced after ovulation. This should not last too long though. If it fails to go away with time, seek medical attention. This will help eliminate any doubts as to whether the cysts are functional or if they point out to an underlying health problem.
Ovulation Pain on Both Sides
A woman’s ovaries produce a number of follicles to aid in maturation of the eggs released by the ovary. However, only one from the many follicles formed develops to maturity. Once it is mature, the ovary releases the mature egg from the follicle. This only happens from either the right or left side and it may be accompanied by ovarian pain during ovulation.
In rare instances, both ovaries release mature eggs at the same time. This thus causes pain on both sides of the ovaries.
Causes of Pain on Both Sides – Ovarian Pain during Ovulation on Both Sides
Normally, when a follicle becomes ripe, it ruptures and the egg bursts from it. This causes a pinching pain which is felt in the abdominal area on the side that the follicle was located.
Upon release, the egg gets to the fallopian tube through which a route is provided for it to get to the uterus.
To make the flow easy, the fallopian tubes undergo rhythmic contraction and expansion. As a result, the movement achieved causes a cramping sensation in the abdominal area.
Like earlier discussed, only one ovary releases an egg in each cycle. As such, ovulation pain is only experienced on one side; the side from which the egg is released during ovulation. If pain is experienced on both sides of the ovary, this is could be an indication that ovulation happened from both sides. In case fertilization occurs, there is a possibility of getting fraternal twins.
Ovarian pain during ovulation is quite normal during ovulation. If one charts their menstrual cycle, it is possible to identify it with ease. This is more so because it will come along with other signs of ovulation. With time it is bound to go away. However, if the pain is so severe that it interferes with the day to day activities in life, it is important to seek medical advice.
Suggested Further Reading:
- When Does a Woman Ovulate or When Does Ovulation Occur?
- What Happens During Ovulation & After Ovulation
- Symptoms of Ovulation – Physical, Cramps & Pre-Ovulation Signs
- Spotting During Ovulation – Before, Around & After Ovulation
- Post Ovulation Symptoms & How Do You Know When You Are Ovulating
- Ovulation Pain – Signs & Symptoms, Severe, Lower Pain Back
- Pain during Ovulation – Before, During, After, Breast & Back Pain
- Cramping After Ovulation – Is it a Normal or A Pregnancy Signs?
- Ovulation after Miscarriage – When, After How Long, Signs
- Ovulation Test – Positive, How to Use Test, When to Take