There are different types of acne scars. The type that forms is determined by the healing process which is what causes acne scars when acne becomes inflamed. As a result of difference in their features, what gets rid of acne scars is also different. Get the details from this post.
What Causes Acne Scars
Acne scars normally result from inflammation of a lesion which could be a cyst, pustule or a papule. This occurs when the pores and follicles are engorged with dead skin cells, excess oil and bacteria. As a result, a swelling of the pore is experienced which leads to the breaking of the follicle wall. In case the location of the rapture is close to the surface of the skin, the lesion will heal within no time. Where the rapture happens deep in the follicle wall, the spilling of unhealthy contents occurs in the inner parts of the skin. This causes damage of normal skin tissue.
In order for the skin to repair what has been damaged, it produces new collagen. This is a fibrous protein which gives skin its flexibility as well as strength. This process though does not yield a skin that is as flawless and smooth as what was there before the damage, and is what causes acne scars. As the wound heals, different types of acne scar tissue are formed. This will depend on the health of individuals and location of the acne.
Squeezing and picking on acne could force debris deep into the dermis. This may worsen inflammation as well as spread the infection to parts beyond the pimples. The same case applies to picking scabs which serve as the skin’s natural bandage. When it is removed, the healing process is prolonged. These habits thus are contributing factors as to what causes acne scars.
What Causes Pitted Acne Scars
When acne is inflamed, the skin starts the process of reconstructing the damaged area. This is done through production of collagen. Where there isn’t enough of it to fill up the wounded area, pitting occurs which is evidenced in formation of depressed scars.
Types of Acne Scars – Different Types of Acne Scar
Often confused with acne marks, acne scars are different in that they change the skin’s texture apart from changing its color. Inflammatory acne is a wound which is unlike other wounds that start on the skin’s surface since it starts in the deeper skin layers. When acne becomes severely inflamed, the scars that form become highly visible especially. Different types of acne scar form depending on the healing process. These are as discussed below.
Hypertrophic acne scars: These are raised on the skin’s surface. They form within the boundaries of the inflamed acne wound. It is possible for these scars to diminish in appearance and size with time.
Keloid Acne Scars: These are similar to hypertrophic scars in that they are raised on the surface of the skin. Their only difference is that they extend beyond the boundaries of the inflamed acne.
Keloids and hypertrophic types of acne scars are firm, rubbery and could become itchy. They are both formed when the body produces too much collagen. This leads to the formation of raised scar tissue on the surface of the skin.
Atrophic scars: More often than not, the types of acne scars formed from are indented. These form when there is loss of tissue during the healing process. Examples of these include ice pick scars which are narrow scars forming pits on the surface of the skin. Boxcar scars are another of this type. They have edges that are angular and well defined. This and the fact that they are indented make them look like boxes. They are common on the cheeks and temples.
Rolling Scars: This is yet another of the different types of acne scar. They are shallow but wide sized. They create an illusion of waves on the skin.
Types of Acne Scars Pictures – Different Types of Acne Scars with Pictures
Types of acne scars pictures are the best way to learn how to tell them apart. They will help one relate what they see with what they have which makes it easy to choose the appropriate methods of treatment.
What Gets Rid of Acne Scars
At times, acne scars may develop even after the most care is exercised when handling acne. Knowing what gets rid of acne scars can go a long way in picking a method of minimizing the scars’ appearance. Talk to your doctor to discuss which among the following methods is appropriate for your types of acne scars.
Dermabrasion: This is most appropriate for atrophic type of scars. Previously, this process involved the use of a metal sanding brush which used to be painful. Current technology employs the use of tiny crystals that make the process comfortable and less messy. The process breaks down skin surrounding the acne scar which leads to its evening out thus making the depression less apparent. To get the best out of the process, you can ask for recommendation from people who have undergone the process.
In case one only has tiny scars, they may decide to go for microdermabrasion. Ask your doctor to examine the scar and advice on what gets rid of acne scars present on your skin in the best way. After the process, your skin is likely to become red and sensitive. Avoid sunlight and processes that may harm it for the time recommended by your doctor.
Topical treatments: Apart from the raised ones, other acne scars can respond to topical treatments. When purchasing one, ensure they are formulated to boost collagen production. Below are some ingredients to look out for in the products to ensure they are effective:
- Vitamin A: This is normally referred to as retinoic acid. Products containing this should not be used by pregnant women.
- Alpha hydroxy acid: This can be found in the form of glycolic acid. It helps in peeling of the skin and is safe for use even in pregnancy.
- Vitamin C: Look for products that contain ascorbic acid as an active ingredient.
Chemical peel: Chemical peels facilitate the exfoliation of scarred skin. This gives room for regeneration of new skin that is free from scars and abnormal pigmentation. They should be administered by a medical professional. Different skin types and the depth of the scar play a role in determination of what kind of peel is required. Deeper scars will require a peel that can go deep within the skin layers. Once the process is done, the skin becomes sensitive. Ensure you use sunscreen and stay out of the sun.
Laser treatments: These can be used to treat both raised and indented scars. For atrophic acne scars, laser treatment will buff the skin around the scar. This reduces appearance of the indented scars. Pulsed laser dye on the other hand induces cell death thus flattening raised scars.
Fillers injections: Resurfacing treatments may not work on types of acne scars that are too deep. What gets rid of acne scars this type is injectable fillers which help in plumping up the scarred area thus making them unnoticeable. Most of the filling is done using collagen which can be absorbed by the body with time. One is therefore required to get a re-fill after some time mostly between four and six months.